Tracking-Reconstruction or Reconstruction-Tracking?
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CitationWu, Zheng; Hristov, Nickolay; Swartz, Sharon; Kunz, Thomas; Betke, Margrit. "Tracking-Reconstruction or Reconstruction-Tracking?", Technical Report BUCS-TR-2010-030, Computer Science Department, Boston University, September 6, 2010. [Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2144/3806]
We developed two methods for tracking multiple objects using several camera views. The methods use the Multiple Hypothesis Tracking (MHT) framework to solve both the across-view data association problem (i.e., finding object correspondences across several views) and the across-time data association problem (i.e., the assignment of current object measurements to previously established object tracks). The "tracking-reconstruction method" establishes two-dimensional (2D) objects tracks for each view and then reconstructs their three-dimensional (3D) motion trajectories. The "reconstruction-tracking method" assembles 2D object measurements from all views, reconstructs 3D object positions, and then matches these 3D positions to previously established 3D object tracks to compute 3D motion trajectories. For both methods, we propose techniques for pruning the number of association hypotheses and for gathering track fragments. We tested and compared the performance of our methods on thermal infrared video of bats using several performance measures. Our analysis of video sequences with different levels of densities of flying bats reveals that the reconstruction-tracking method produces fewer track fragments than the tracking-reconstruction method but creates more false positive 3D tracks.