Effect of Spatial Resolution on Cluster Detection: A Simulation Study
White, Laura Forsberg
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CitationOzonoff, Al, Caroline Jeffery, Justin Manjourides, Laura Forsberg White, Marcello Pagano. "Effect of spatial resolution on cluster detection: a simulation study" International Journal of Health Geographics 6:52. (2007)
BACKGROUND. Aggregation of spatial data is intended to protect privacy, but some effects of aggregation on spatial methods have not yet been quantified. METHODS. We generated 3,000 spatial data sets and evaluated power of detection at 12 different levels of aggregation using the spatial scan statistic implemented in SaTScan v6.0. RESULTS. Power to detect clusters decreased from nearly 100% when using exact locations to roughly 40% at the coarsest level of spatial resolution. CONCLUSION. Aggregation has the potential for obfuscation.