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dc.contributor.authorLipner, Ettie M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLaw, Melissa A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBarnett, Elizabethen_US
dc.contributor.authorKeystone, Jay S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorvon Sonnenburg, Franken_US
dc.contributor.authorLoutan, Louisen_US
dc.contributor.authorPrevots, D. Rebeccaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKlion, Amy D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNutman, Thomas B.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-09T21:00:18Z
dc.date.available2012-01-09T21:00:18Z
dc.date.issued2007-12-26en_US
dc.identifier.citationLipner, Ettie M., Melissa A. Law, Elizabeth Barnett, Jay S. Keystone, Frank von Sonnenburg, Louis Loutan, D. Rebecca Prevots, Amy D. Klion, Thomas B. Nutman, . "Filariasis in Travelers Presenting to the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network" PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 1(3):e88. (2007)en_US
dc.identifier.issn1935-2735en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2144/2966
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND. As international travel increases, there is rising exposure to many pathogens not traditionally encountered in the resource-rich countries of the world. Filarial infections, a great problem throughout the tropics and subtropics, are relatively rare among travelers even to filaria-endemic regions of the world. The GeoSentinel Surveillance Network, a global network of medicine/travel clinics, was established in 1995 to detect morbidity trends among travelers. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS. We examined data from the GeoSentinel database to determine demographic and travel characteristics associated with filaria acquisition and to understand the differences in clinical presentation between nonendemic visitors and those born in filaria-endemic regions of the world. Filarial infections comprised 0.62% (n = 271) of all medical conditions reported to the GeoSentinel Network from travelers; 37% of patients were diagnosed with Onchocerca volvulus, 25% were infected with Loa loa, and another 25% were diagnosed with Wuchereria bancrofti. Most infections were reported from immigrants and from those immigrants returning to their county of origin (those visiting friends and relatives); the majority of filarial infections were acquired in sub-Saharan Africa. Among the patients who were natives of filaria-nonendemic regions, 70.6% acquired their filarial infection with exposure greater than 1 month. Moreover, nonendemic visitors to filaria-endemic regions were more likely to present to GeoSentinel sites with clinically symptomatic conditions compared with those who had lifelong exposure. SIGNIFICANCE. Codifying the filarial infections presenting to the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network has provided insights into the clinical differences seen among filaria-infected expatriates and those from endemic regions and demonstrated that O. volvulus infection can be acquired with short-term travel. Author Summary As international travel increases, there is rising exposure to many pathogens not traditionally encountered in the resource-rich countries of the world. The GeoSentinel Surveillance Network, a global network of medicine/travel clinics, was established in 1995 to detect morbidity trends among travelers. Filarial infections (parasitic worm infections that cause, among others, onchocerciasis [river blindness], lymphatic filariasis [e.g. elephantiasis, lymphedema, hydrocele] and loiasis [African eyeworm]) comprised 0.62% (n = 271) of the 43,722 medical conditions reported to the GeoSentinel Network between 1995 and 2004. Immigrants from filarial-endemic regions comprised the group most likely to have acquired a filarial infection; sub-Saharan Africa was the region of the world where the majority of filarial infections were acquired. Long-term travel (greater than 1 month) was more likely to be associated with acquisition of one of the filarial infections than shorter-term travel.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipDivision of Intramural Research; National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; National Institutes of Health and GeoSentinel; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U50/CCU412347)en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_US
dc.titleFilariasis in Travelers Presenting to the GeoSentinel Surveillance Networken_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pntd.0000088en_US
dc.identifier.pubmedid18160987en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid2154385en_US


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