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dc.contributor.authorWalley, Alexander Y.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKrupitsky, Evgeny M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Debbie M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRaj, Anitaen_US
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, Erika M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBridden, Carlyen_US
dc.contributor.authorEgorova, Valentina Y.en_US
dc.contributor.authorZvartau, Edwin E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWoody, George E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSamet, Jeffrey H.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-09T20:50:41Z
dc.date.available2012-01-09T20:50:41Z
dc.date.issued2007-5-9en_US
dc.identifier.citationWalley, Alexander Y., Evgeny M. Krupitsky, Debbie M. Cheng, Anita Raj, Erika M. Edwards, Carly Bridden, Valentina Y. Egorova, Edwin E. Zvartau, George E. Woody, Jeffrey H. Samet. "Implications of Cannabis Use and Heavy Alcohol Use on HIV Drug Risk Behaviors in Russian Heroin Users" AIDS and Behavior 12(4): 662-669. (2007)en_US
dc.identifier.issn1573-3254en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2144/2863
dc.description.abstractCannabis and heavy alcohol use potentially increase HIV transmission by increasing risky drug behaviors. We studied 404 subjects entering treatment for heroin dependence, in St. Petersburg, Russia. We used the HIV Risk Assessment Battery (RAB) drug subscale to measure risky drug behavior. Although all heavy alcohol users had risky drug behaviors, their drug RAB scores did not differ from non-heavy alcohol users in unadjusted or adjusted analyses. Cannabis use was significantly associated with drug RAB scores in unadjusted analyses (mean difference 1.7 points) and analyses adjusted for age, sex, and employment (mean difference 1.3 points). When also adjusting for stimulant use, the impact of cannabis use was attenuated and no longer statistically significant (mean difference 1.1 points). Because of the central role of risky drug behaviors in the Russian HIV epidemic, it is important to understand how the use of multiple substances, including cannabis and alcohol, impacts risky drug behaviors.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (K24-AA015674); National Institutes of Health (R21-AA014821, R25-DA13582, T32-AI52074 04); National Institute on Drug Abuse (U10-DA13043, K05-DA 1709); National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseasesen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringer USen_US
dc.rightsCopyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007en_US
dc.subjectCannabisen_US
dc.subjectAlcoholen_US
dc.subjectRussiaen_US
dc.subjectHIVen_US
dc.subjectRisk behaviorsen_US
dc.titleImplications of Cannabis Use and Heavy Alcohol Use on HIV Drug Risk Behaviors in Russian Heroin Usersen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10461-007-9243-6en_US
dc.identifier.pubmedid17487577en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid2480514en_US


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