Cortical Dynamics of 3-D Surface Perception: Binocular and Half-Occluded Scenic Images


Show simple item record Grossberg, Stephen en_US McLoughlin, Niall en_US 2011-11-14T18:50:16Z 2011-11-14T18:50:16Z 1995-07 en_US
dc.description.abstract Previous models of stereopsis have concentrated on the task of binocularly matching left and right eye primitives uniquely. A disparity smoothness constraint is often invoked to limit the number of possible matches. These approaches neglect the fact that surface discontinuities are both abundant in natural everyday scenes, and provide a useful cue for scene segmentation. da Vinci stereopsis refers to the more general problem of dealing with surface discontinuities and their associated unmatched monocular regions within binocular scenes. This study develops a mathematical realization of a neural network theory of biological vision, called FACADE Theory, that shows how early cortical stereopsis processes are related to later cortical processes of 3-D surface representation. The mathematical model demonstrates through computer simulation how the visual cortex may generate 3-D boundary segmentations and use them to control filling-in of 3-D surface properties in response to visual scenes. Model mechanisms correctly match disparate binocular regions while filling-in monocular regions with the correct depth within a binocularly viewed scene. This achievement required introduction of a new multiscale binocular filter for stereo matching which clarifies how cortical complex cells match image contours of like contrast polarity, while pooling signals from opposite contrast polarities. Competitive interactions among filter cells suggest how false binocular matches and unmatched monocular cues, which contain eye-of-origin information, arc automatically handled across multiple spatial scales. This network also helps to explain data concerning context-sensitive binocular matching. Pooling of signals from even-symmetric and odd-symmctric simple cells at complex cells helps to eliminate spurious activity peaks in matchable signals. Later stages of cortical processing by the blob and interblob streams, including refined concepts of cooperative boundary grouping and reciprocal stream interactions between boundary and surface representations, arc modeled to provide a complete simulation of the da Vinci stereopsis percept. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Office of Naval Research (N00014-95-I-0409, N00014-85-1-0657, N00014-92-J-4015, N00014-91-J-4100); Airforce Office of Scientific Research (90-0175); National Science Foundation (IRI-90-00530); The James S. McDonnell Foundation (94-40) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Boston University Center for Adaptive Systems and Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries BU CAS/CNS Technical Reports;CAS/CNS-TR-1995-022 en_US
dc.rights Copyright 1995 Boston University. Permission to copy without fee all or part of this material is granted provided that: 1. The copies are not made or distributed for direct commercial advantage; 2. the report title, author, document number, and release date appear, and notice is given that copying is by permission of BOSTON UNIVERSITY TRUSTEES. To copy otherwise, or to republish, requires a fee and / or special permission. en_US
dc.subject Stereopsis
dc.subject Depth perception
dc.subject Binocular vision
dc.subject Da Vinci stereopsis
dc.subject Complex cells
dc.subject Neural networks
dc.subject Visual cortex
dc.subject Boundary contour system
dc.subject FACADE theory
dc.title Cortical Dynamics of 3-D Surface Perception: Binocular and Half-Occluded Scenic Images en_US
dc.type Technical Report en_US
dc.rights.holder Boston University Trustees en_US

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