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dc.contributor.authorWoodward, Jeffrey
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-17T15:30:30Z
dc.date.available2017-03-17T15:30:30Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2144/20851
dc.description.abstractThe development of InGaN quantum dots (QDs) is both scientifically challenging and promising for applications in visible spectrum LEDs, lasers, detectors, electroabsorption modulators and photovoltaics. Such QDs are typically grown using the Stranski-Krastanov (SK) growth mode, in which accumulated in-plane compressive strain induces a transition from 2D to 3D growth. This method has a number of inherent limitations, including the unavoidable formation of a 2D wetting layer and the difficulty of controlling the composition, areal density, and size of the dots. In this research, I have developed InGaN QDs by two methods using a plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy reactor. In the first method, InGaN QDs were formed by SK growth mode on (0001) GaN/sapphire. In the second, I have addressed the limitations of the SK growth of InGaN QDs by developing a novel alternative method, which was utilized to grow on both (0001) GaN/sapphire and AlN/sapphire. This method relies upon the ability to form thermodynamically stable In-Ga liquid solutions throughout the entire compositional range at relatively low temperatures. Upon simultaneous or sequential deposition of In and Ga on a substrate, the adatoms form a liquid solution, whose composition is controlled by the ratio of the fluxes of the two constituents FIn/(FIn+FGa). Depending on the interfacial free energy between the liquid deposit and substrate, the liquid deposit and vapor, and the vapor and substrate, the liquid deposit forms Inx-Ga1−x nano-droplets on the substrate. These nano-droplets convert into InxGa1−xN QDs upon exposure to nitrogen RF plasma. InGaN QDs produced by both methods were investigated in-situ by reflection high-energy electron diffraction and ex-situ by atomic force microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, high resolution x-ray diffraction, and grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering. The optical activity and device potential of the QDs were investigated by photoluminescence measurements and the formation and evaluation of PIN devices (in which the intrinsic region contains QDs embedded within a higher bandgap matrix). InGaN QDs with areal densities ranging from 109 to 1011 cm−2 and diameters ranging from 11 to 39 nm were achieved.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectElectrical engineeringen_US
dc.subjectGISAXSen_US
dc.subjectMBEen_US
dc.subjectTEMen_US
dc.subjectMolecular beam epitaxyen_US
dc.subjectTransmission electron microscopyen_US
dc.titleDevelopment of InGaN quantum dots by the Stranski-Krastanov method and droplet heteroepitaxyen_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertationen_US
dc.date.updated2017-03-10T05:06:53Z
etd.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_US
etd.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
etd.degree.disciplineElectrical & Computer Engineeringen_US
etd.degree.grantorBoston Universityen_US


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